"كتابات الآباء "
IN his treatise, Concerning Perfection according to the Saviour,
he writes, "Consent indeed fits for prayer, but fellowship in
corruption weakens supplication. At any rate, by the permission he
certainly, though delicately, forbids; for while he permits them to
return to the same on account of Satan and incontinence, he exhibits
a man who will attempt to serve two masters--God by the 'consent' (1
Cor. vii. 5), but by want of consent, incontinence, fornication, and
the devil."--CLEM. ALEX: Strom., iii. C. 12.
A certain person inveighs against generation, calling it
corruptible and destructive; and some one does violence [to
Scripture], applying to pro-creation the Saviour's words, "Lay not
up treasure on earth, where moth and rust corrupt;" and he is not
ashamed to add to these the words of the prophet: "You all shall
grow old as a garment, and the moth shall devour you."
And, in like manner, they adduce the saying concerning the
resurrection of the dead, "The sons of that world neither marry nor
are given in marriage."--CLEM. ALEX.: iii. c. 12, 86.
Tatian, who maintaining the imaginary flesh of Christ,
pronounces all sexual connection impure, who was also the very
violent heresiarch of the Encratites, employs an argument of this
sort: "If any one sows to the flesh, of the flesh he shall reap
corruption;" but he sows to the flesh who is joined to a woman;
therefore he who takes a wife and sows in the flesh, of the flesh he
shall reap corruption.--HIERON.: Com. in Ep. ad Gal.
Seceding from the Church, and being elated and puffed up by a
conceit of his teacher, as if he were superior to the rest, he
formed his own peculiar type of doctrine. Imagining certain
invisible AEons like those of Valentinus, and denouncing marriage as
defilement and fornication in the same way as Marcion and
Saturninus, and denying the salvation of Adam as an opinion of his
own.--IRENAEUS: Adv. Hoer., i. 28.
Tatian attempting from time to time to make use of Paul's
language, that in Adam all die, but ignoring that "where sir,
abounded, grace has much more abounded."--IRENAEUS: Adv. Heres.,
Against Tatian, who says that the words, "Let there be light,"
are to be taken as a prayer. If He who uttered it knew a superior
God, how is it that He says, "I am God, and there is none beside
He said that there are punishments for blasphemies, foolish talking,
and licentious words, which are punished and chastised by the Logos.
And he said that women were punished on account of their hair and
ornaments by a power placed over those things, which also gave
strength to Samson by his hair, and punishes those who by the
ornament of their hair are urged on to fornication.--CLEM. ALEX.:
But Tatian, not understanding that the expression "Let there be"
is not always precative but sometimes imperative, most impiously
imagined concerning God, who said "Let there be light," that He
prayed rather than commanded light to be, as if, as he impiously
thought, God was in darkness.--ORIGEN: De Orat.
Tatian separates the old man and the new, but not, as we say,
understanding the old man to be the law, and the new man to be the
Gospel. We agree with him in saying the same thing, but not in the
sense he wishes, abrogating the law as if it belonged to another
God.--CLEM. ALEX.: Strom., iii. 12.
Tatian condemns and rejects not only marriage, but also meats
which God has created for use.--HIERON.: Adv. Jovin., i. 3.
"But ye gave the Nazarites wine to drink, and commanded the
prophets, saying, Prophesy not." On this, perhaps, Tatian the chief
of the Encratites endeavours to build his heresy, asserting that
wine is not to be drunk, since it was commanded in the law that the
Nazarites were not to drink wine, and now those who give the
Nazarites wine are accused by the prophet.--HIERON.: Com. in Amos.
Tatian, the patriarch of the Encratites, who himself rejected
some of Paul's Epistles, believed this especially, that is
[addressed] to Tires, ought to be declared to be the apostle's,
thinking little of the assertion of Marcion and others, who agree
with him on this point.--HIERON.: Proef. in Com. ad Tit.
[Archelaus (A.D. 280), Bishop of Carrha in Mesopotamia, classes
his countryman Tatian with "Marcion, Sabellius, and others who have
made up for themselves a peculiar science," i.e., a theology of
their own.--ROUTH: Reliquioe, tom. v. p. 137. But see Edinburgh
Series of this work, vol. xx. p. 267.]